Thanksgiving is a uniquely American holiday unaffiliated with any specific religious faith. President George Washington issued the first National Thanksgiving Proclamation setting November 26, 1789 as Thanksgiving and a national holiday. However it wasn’t until 1863 during the administration of President Lincoln, following a 17 year campaign by Ms. Sara Hale to create Thanksgiving as a national holiday when workers would not be required to work, that a second proclamation of a national Thanksgiving holiday was issued. Finally in 1941, Thanksgiving was established by Congress to take place annually on the 4th Thursday of November. As Jews living in America, what should be our relationship to this day?
The Rav, Rabbi Joseph B Soloveitchick of blessed memory, scion of world Jewry, made an important observation from a verse we read a couple of weeks ago in parshat Chaye Sarah. When Abraham Avienu first introduced himself to the inhabitants of Canaan in order to purchase from them a burial place for his beloved wife and matriarch, Sarah Emaynu, he said “גר ותושב אנכי עמכם , a stranger and a resident I am with you.” The Rav remarked, “There appears to be a contradiction here in this פסוק (verse). What is it? Simply, how can you be a stranger and resident at the same time?!”
The Rav went on to explain that Avraham had a dual identity. As a resident he would share with the other inhabitants of Canaan and join in their concern for the welfare of the society. He would participate in the progress and advancement of the country, show loyalty to the government, abide by its civil laws, and uphold the dignity of all the citizens irrespective of their ethnic diversity.
However Avrham had a second identity, his religious and spiritual perceptions, truths and observances were different and unique. In his faith he remained a stranger. His solidarity with his fellow Canaanites in secular matters did not imply his readiness to relinquish any aspects of his religious uniqueness.
The Torah only tells us certain events and remarks of our patriarchs. It records those that are to serve as a model and paradigm for us living many centuries later. Throughout the ages and in every county they dwelled, Jews became full and productive citizens. They involved themselves whenever possible in advancing the society and its ethical standards. Business, science and technology, arts and music, literature and philosophy are all domains of society in which Jews have made significant contributions wherever they found themselves. Jews were always in the forefront of civil rights, standing up for the welfare of others. Politically active, attaining positions of high office for themselves when not limited by edict, or serving as advisors to royalty and government leaders, Jews have had a positive influence on every country in which they lived.
This was true in the past, and has certainly been true of our experience as Jews living in America. As Jews living in America do not have to hide or shed our spiritual identity in the process of carrying out our responsibilities as American citizens. We perhaps more than any other generation of the past live in a country where, thank God, kosher food is readily available, laws are established to prevent discrimination in the workplace against anyone who fully embraces our religious observances, and we have Jews in all levels and every branch of the American government. Three of the current justices on the Supreme Court are Jews. Most important, however, is that in America we can have our own private day schools, such as the Posnack Jewish Day School. They are fully recognized and accredited by the same agencies that approve all the other secular educational institutions in America. Without fear of rejection Jews can get the best education in both secular and Jewish studies.
Living in America today we have much to be thankful for. One identity does not have to come at the expense of the other. We can have the best of both worlds. I pray and encourage each and every one of us to keep the lesson of our Father Abraham foremost in our minds, particularly this week of Thanksgiving.
Have a truly thankful Thanksgiving and a meaningful Shabbat.
Rabbi Robert Kaplan